Modelling > Land

6x6 or less

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--- Quote ---The Tatrapan is a Slovak-made 6x6 multi-purpose armored vehicle. It has a modular design with removable special purpose body. Various superstructures can be carried on one chassis. It takes up to 60 minutes to replace the superstructure. It is designed for multi-purpose roles like troop, weapon, specialized or communication systems carrier. A variant of the Tatrapan has been exported to Cyprus, and possibly, some other countries.

   The baseline variant of the Tatrapan, the T1, is used as an armored personnel carrier. It has a crew of two and accommodates 10 fully-equipped troops. In emergency it can take 12 troops.

   Armor of the Tatrapan provides all-round protection against 7.62-mm armor-piercing rounds. Some sources claim, that its superstructure withstands 12.7-mm machine gun fire. The Tatrapan is fitted with automatic fire extinguishing system.

   A baseline version is equipped with one or two roof-mounted 7.62-mm or 12.7-mm machine guns or 40-mm automatic grenade launchers in various combinations.

   The Tatrapan armored personnel carrier is based on the Tatra T815 Kolos 6x6 heavy utility truck chassis. It is worth mentioning that front and end of the vehicle are swapped. It is powered by a Tatra T3-930-51 a 19-liter turbocharged air-cooled diesel engine, developing 355 hp. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive. Steered are front couple of axles. It has a central tyre inflation system, which can be operated on the move from the drivers station. This APC is not amphibious. It can operate in various climatic conditions, ranging from -40C to +50C.




   Tatrapan T1 baseline version;

   Tatrapan ZASA intended for peacekeeping operations. This vehicle has a reinforced structure and offers improved protection against mines;

   Tatrapan VESPRA command and staff vehicle;

   Tatrapan PVO air defense command post vehicle. This vehicle has a crew of seven;

   Tatrapan ASTRA PVO automated air defense coordination and command vehicle;

   Tatrapan DELSYS artillery command vehicle;

   Tatrapan ARSYS, BAZUS ans VPG artillery command vehicles for Zuzana-equipped artillery units;

   Tatrapan AMB armored ambulance;

   Tatrapan MOD upgraded version, powered by a more powerful water-cooled diesel engine. It has improved cross-country performance. This variant has improved protection against landmines.
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--- Quote ---The Transportpanzer 1, or Fuchs (Fox), was developed to be an armored amphibious load carrier utilizing commercially available components wherever possible. Following extensive trials with prototype vehicles the main production run was carried out by Thyssen Heinschel from 1979 onwards. From is origins as a load carrier the fully amphibious Tpz 1 has been modified to meet many other requirements, one being as an APC capable of carrying up to 14 troops seated individually in the load compartment (the German Army limits the number of troops carried to ten). A total of 996 Fuchs armored vehicles of all versions were delivered for the German Army between 1980 and 1986.

   As a load carrier the vehicle can carry nearly 3 000 kg of supplies under armor, with this version being convertible to an armored ambulance when necessary. However the Transportpanzer 1 has been adapted for many other purposes. The German Army alone uses the Tpz 1 as a RASIT battlefield surveillance radar carrier, combat engineer carrier, electronic warfare vehicle (without the amphibious capability), command and communications centre, an explosive ordnance disposal vehicle for the German Air Force, and an NBC reconnaissance vehicle. Other nations use the later variant, including Israel and most of the NATO countries.

   The US Army has adopted the NBC vehicle as the M93 Fox and reportedly has over 300 examples.

   Other export variants of the Transportpanzer 1 include an 81 mm mortar carrier, a 120 mm mortar tractor, a general purpose armored support vehicle, and an IFV version mounting a 20- or 25 mm cannon in an external mounting on the roof. Customers (apart from the NBC version) include Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands and Venezuela. In 2014 license production of this APC from knock-down kits commenced in Algeria. Initially 120 vehicles will be built for local needs. However up to 1 200 Fuchs 2 APCs might be produced until 2024 for Algerian Army.

   The armament carried by the Fuchs varies according to the role and user nation. Most carrier versions are limited to a single 7.62 mm machine gun, but other models may have various 12.7 mm machine gun or 20 mm cannon installations in small turrets of external weapon stations.

   The Transportpanzer 2 is an improved version. It can carry up to 4 000 kg internally without loosing its amphibious capabilities.


   RASIT battlefield surveillance radar carrier.

   Combat engineer carrier.

   Electronic warfare vehicle (without the amphibious capability).

   Command and communications centre.

   Explosive ordnance disposal vehicle for the German Air Force.

   NBC reconnaissance vehicle. This armored vehicle was adopted by the US Army as the M93 Fox. The US Army reportedly has over 300 examples.

   Armored ambulance.

   81 mm mortar carrier.

   120 mm mortar tractor.

   General purpose armored support vehicle.

   Infantry fighting vehicle version mounting a 20- or 25 mm cannon in an external mounting on the roof.

   APE, a specialized 4x4 amphibious engineer reconnaissance vehicle. It was developed for recognition of rivers and lakes. Its main role was to explore the shored and river bed in order to determine their suitability for deep wading by main battle tanks. Around 90% of its automotive components, including engine and transmission, are identical to those of the Tpz-1 Fuchs 6x6 armored personnel carrier. However the APE was never adopted.

   8x8 version of the Fuchs was developed, but it never entered service. Only 2 prototypes were built.
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Mod edit: fixed link


--- Quote --- At the end of 1970s Japan began development of a wheeled armored reconnaissance vehicle. For a prolonged period of time Japan operated mainly tracked armored vehicles due to their rough terrain. The Type 87 was developed by Komatsu. In 1988 first seven vehicles were produced out of 60 planned.

   The Type 87 is fitted with a turret-mounted Swiss Oerlikon Contraves 25-mm cannon. Secondary armament consists of coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun.

   Armor of this reconnaissance vehicle provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. Vehicle is fitted with an NBC protection system.

   Vehicle has a crew of five, including commander, gunner, driver, radio operator and a scout.

   The Type 87 has a rear-mounted engine. It is powered by Isuzu 10 PBI diesel, developing 305 horsepower. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. It can be adjusted on the move to impove mobility over difficult off-road terrain. The Type 87 armored reconnaissance vehicle is not amphibious.
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Otaman 6 x 6 by Practika in Ukraine, self-propelled 122mm howitzer variant

Sisu/Patria XA-180 (and later versions)

In 1980, Sisu produced an XA-180 prototype for Finnish Army tests. It competed against two other prototypes, but was declared the winner of the trials in 1983. On 22 December 1983 the Finnish Army ordered a first batch of fifty XA-180s, of which nine were reserved for UN duties. The vehicle proved quite successful and more orders were soon to follow.

The XA-180 was originally manufactured and marketed by the Finnish company Sisu Auto but later variants were marketed by the Finnish defence company Patria and are known as Patria XA series. The Vehicle's widely known nickname "Pasi" (also a common given name of Finnish men) stems from the Finnish name "panssari-Sisu" (English: armoured Sisu). The main superstructure is mainly manufactured from 6 to 12 mm of armour steel and the bottom is mine-strengthened, and the front windows are bullet-resistant and equipped with protective hatches. The vehicle has continuous six wheel drive and good capabilities for off-road driving. It can take inclines up to a maximum of 60.

The XA series has no standard armament, but is equipped with a rotating turret structure for installation of light/heavy machine guns or autocannons. It also has 8 BMP style firing ports on the sides and rear. Therefore, passengers, usually a squad of infantry, can fire their weapons from the cover of the armor.

The XA series is popular in peacekeeping missions due to its mobility, non-aggressive appearance, and good protection against mines and improvised explosive devices (IED). The vehicle also offers a good combination of armament, comfort, mine protection, protection against shrapnel and small calibre fire, road speed, short time of learning how to drive, and an acceptable terrain mobility. It also offers more internal space compared to other similar vehicles like the Fuchs or BTR-80.


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