Modelling > Land

6x6 or less

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--- Quote ---The Orca has the distinction of having the highest passenger capacity of any modern APC, and it is among the largest and heaviest ever built. It was developed with the intent of providing the Chilean Army with a high-mobility universal carrier that could rapidly transport large amounts of men, weaponry, and equipment over great distances.

   Development of the VTP-1 Orca began in the early 1980s, and the project formally announced in 1983. Concept art of the Orca displayed earlier in 1982 proved different from the actual layout of the vehicle. It was developed in parallel with the BMS-1 Alacran Halftrack, utilizing a large number of mechanical and structural components, and thus bears a close visual resemblance.

   It is unknown if the Orca ever saw service, but it is understood that the Chilean Army ordered 100 in 1985, and that an additional, smaller order was placed by the Chilean Marine Corps. It is no longer available for production.

   The APC variant is equipped with a skate mount for a 7.62mm MAG, a 12.7mm M2HB, or a Mk.19 AGL grenade launcher on the commander's cupola. The hull is also outfitted to support a heavier weapon mount (such as an autocannon turret), though this would likely preclude the use of a cupola-mounted weapon. There are 2 firing ports with vision blocks on each side, and the rear door.

   Vehicle armor is high-hardness steel, varying in thickness from 6 mm to 16 mm, which provides sufficient protection against explosion overpressure, shall splinters, and 7.62-mm armor-piercing rounds. It is unknown if spall liners, an NBC protection system, or a fire suppression system are fitted.

   The crew sits slightly forward of the center, as the rear passenger spanning more than half the length of the vehicle. The driver is on the left, and the vehicle commander on the right, while the passengers sit lined-up side-to-side against the fighting compartment walls on bleachers. There are two rectangular 1-man troop hatches at the middle of the vehicle, which are set at the edges of the roof, and are hinged on the outside. The single rear door is hinged on one side, and opens horizontally. The VTP-1 Orca to this day has a larger passenger capacity than any production wheeled armored personnel carrier.

   As with most AFVs manufactured by developing countries, the Orca's electronics are very spare. A radio is standard equipment, and a starlight periscope for the driver is optional, but no other significant electronics are known to have been offered.

   The VTP-1 Orca's propulsion is a Detroit Diesel 6V53T Diesel V6 with 275 hp, coupled with an Allison MT653DR automatic transmission with 5 forward gears and 1 reverse gear. It has a top speed of 120 km/h, and a maximum road range of 1 200 km. 400 liters of diesel fuel are carried internally. The suspension is reportedly taken from a commercial truck, but no further details are available. This armored personnel carrier is not amphibious.


   Proposed variants of the VTP-1 Orca include a prime mover for towed artillery, a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun with 20-mm or 30-mm autocannons, a tank destroyer with an ATGM launcher (possibly the Hammerhead TOW launcher), a 120-mm mortar carrier, a self-propelled radar vehicle, a self-propelled communication relay vehicle, an armored ambulance, a mobile field hospital, and a mobile workshop;

   BMS-1 Alacran; this Chilean halftrack vehicle is similar to the Orca, having been developed in parallel using common components.
--- End quote ---



--- Quote --- Recently a new 6x6 armored personnel carrier appeared in the North Korea. This armored vehicle is produced in quantity and is in service with the DPRK Army. Little information is available on this new armored vehicle. Its official designation is also unknown.

   At some point North Korean army acquired a number of BTR-80A APCs. Some sources report that 32 units were acquired. Also North Korean army operates older BTR-60PB 8x8 APCs. A couple of years ago an indigenous 8x8 armored personnel carrier appeared in North Korea, which is a clone of the BTR-80A with some modifications. It seems that the 6x6 APC was developed alongside it. The 6x6 model has similar layout and is fitted with the same turret.

   The 6x6 APC is used to carry troops and cargo under armor. Some sources claim that this vehicle is also used for reconnaissance.

   Vehicle has a welded hull and turret. It is estimated that front arc withstands hits from 12.7-mm rounds, while all-round protection is against 7.62-mm rounds.

   This new armored personnel carrier is fitted with an indigenous turret. The same turret is also used on some other North Korean armored vehicles. It is armed with two 14.5-mm machine guns. It is believed that two heavy machine guns are used not for higher density of fire but in case one fails another will keep on firing. Also there is a coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. Weapons have high elevation angles and can engage low-flying helicopters. During parades this APC is sometimes additionally fitted with a man-portable air defense missile.

   There is a door on either side of the hull. Doors are different than those used on the Russian APC. Each door has a firing port.

   The North Korean 6x6 APC has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver. It can carry about 6 fully-equipped troops.

   Engine is located at the rear. Vehicle has a central tyre inflation system. The new North Korean armored personnel carrier is fully amphibious. On water it is propelled by a single waterjet.
--- End quote ---


It would appear that North Korea is developing a NLOS ATGM missile system to be mounted on the indigenous 6 x 6 AFV design.  Story HERE.

Wz-551-1 IFV, with Wz-501/BMP-1 turret.

Some Canadian Content...

Armoured Vehicle General Purpose (AVGP) Special Engineered Variant (SEV) Air Defence (AD).  Only one ever made, on live fire trial with 18 AD Regt RCA. Probably turned into razor blades and scrap by now.

AVGP Cougar on patrol in Somalia

AVGP Mobile Repair Team (prototype, the AVGP fleet was sold off before many of these such life-extension projects were implemented)

Some of the recipients included Civilian Police; here the New Glasgow PD has an unarmed Cougar for their Emergency Response Team

while the RCMP operate a couple de-turreted AVGP Grizzly, calling them Tactical Armoured Vehicle (TAV) 2.

Edmonton Police Service also use the Grizzly, but have kitted it out with a battering ram, seen here in the travel / stowed position


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